Things that every homeowner should know

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Water Conditioning

The term "water conditioning" is used to mean any device or set of devices that are used to alter the properties of the water in the potable water system.

Most of the time, public water systems are already treated to an acceptable level before the water gets to your home. The need for water conditioning is normally for well systems, where the integrity of the water may be questionable. The most common complaint is of hard water. This is caused by certain minerals in the water, like calcium.

The picture above is of a typical water softener. It's job is to remedy hard water. The tank on the right contains a resin that is designed to remove these minerals. The tank on the left is for salt, which the resident must replentish on a regular basis. The softener uses the salt water to rinse the resin clean(a process called "regeneration") and start collecting minerals again.

All water conditioning decisions must start with a water test. The composition of the water must be known before anyone can judge what the water needs. Hard water is fairly easy to be aware of, but just how hard the water is is very important.

There are many kinds of systems available for water conditioning, from UV lights to iron removal systems. Many local plumbing supply houses have the ability to test your water and tell you what you need, if anything. You can also use one of many independent laboratories.

The above picture is a standard whole house water filter. These are fairly standard, using standard filter elements that can be bought at your local hardware store. While a water filter may be absolutely necessary in some circumstances, they are never a bad idea regardless of a well or public water system.

Other than the standard water filter, check with your local suppy house to get more information about the systems available in your area.

Free Online Plumber does not warrant any of the information on this page, in regards to the accuracy or effectiveness of these procedures or this information. Always check and follow all applicable local plumbing codes.
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